September 24, 2021

Keyboard Lesson 4

Keyboard Piano Chords

Any musician comes across chords whether they realize it or not. Chords are some of the building blocks of harmony, and they make up pretty much every song you’ll ever hear or play.

The chords used to create harmony in Western music are based on scales. If you only say G major to a Western Classical Musician, he will play the chord as per its position on the instrument. Thus, the scales identify the position of a tone on the instrument in Western Classical Music.

Indian Classical Music has no chords. But, if we consider a studious approach, Indian music also has chords. These two statements may sound too much contradictory to each other. currently Indian film music uses chords almost everywhere. These days, Indian film songs (Hindi and other regional) have a great influence of Western Music. Thus it’s now the fusion of Indian Classical Music and Western Classical Music, with the wide use of western instruments in it. At present, Indian film songs are also based on the Western chords.

In Western Classical Music, the composition is fixed and written with chord sheets for all the performers. They all play together or play a different tune in harmony.

Major Keyboard Piano Chords

The most common triad, or three-note chord, is the major chord. Major chords are usually the first type of chords for learning. Major chords create a happy mood while minor chords produce sad mood. A major chord consist of three notes, a root, a major third and a perfect fifth (1 – 3 – 5). For example, C major consists of the notes, C (the root), E (the major third), and G (the perfect fifth). 

Piano Major Chords Chart
12 Major Chords Chart

12 Piano Keyboard Major Chords

C major (C). C – E – G C# major (C#). C# – E# – G# D major (D). D – F# – A
Eb major (Eb). Eb – G – Bb E major (E). E – G# – B F major (F). F – A – C
F# major (F#). F# – A# – C# G major (G). G – B – D Ab major (Ab). Ab – C – Eb
A major (A). A – C# – E Bb major (Bb). Bb – D – F B major (B). B – D# – F#
12 Major Chords Table
Piano Minor Chords Chart

12 Piano Keyboard Minor Chords

A minor (Am). A – C – EBb minor (Bbm). Bb – Db – FB minor (Bm). B – D – F#
C# minor (C#m). C# – E – G#D minor (Dm). D – F -AC minor (Cm). C – Eb – G
Eb minor (Ebm). Eb – Gb – BbE minor (Em). E – G – BF minor (Fm). F – Ab – C
G minor (Gm). G – Bb – DAb minor (Abm). Ab – Cb – EbF# minor (F#m). F# – A – C#
12 Minor Chords Table

7th Chords In Bollywood Music

In Bollywood music seventh chords are used to create more interest and make a song go beyond the basic major and minor chords. One of the main places to find a 7th chord is near the end on a piece of music. It’s often the chord that comes right before the final chord of the song. You will find seventh chords in modern and pop songs.

Major Seventh Chords

The major seventh chord is built by playing the 1st, 3rd, 5th, and 7th notes of the major scale. Seventh chords are a 4 note piano chord. When you have a 7th chord, you start on the first note of the major scale and count up 7 notes. The Major Seventh chord is created by adding a Major Seventh to the root of a Major Triad.  In the key of C major, in root position, the chord would consist of C, E, G, B.  For this chord, you will often see it written as Cmaj7.

c major 7th
Instrument:Piano/Keyboard
Root note:C
Chord Type:Major Seventh
Bass note:
Chord Symbols:maj7
Chord Formula:1-3-5-7
Chord Notes:C E G B

Cmaj7 = C, E, G, B (C major seventh can be written as CM7 or Cmaj7)

The scale degrees are:

  • 1st: Tonic
  • 2nd: Supertonic
  • 3rd: Mediant
  • 4th: Subdominant
  • 5th: Dominant
  • 6th: Submediant
  • 7th: Leading tone

Major Seventh Piano Chords Chart

Cmaj7
Chords
Root
1st Tonic
Major third
3rd Mediant
Perfect fifth
5th Dominant
Major seventh
7th Leading tone
Fingering
Chords
Cmaj7CEGBLeft hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
C♯maj7C♯ E♯ (F) G♯ B♯ (C) Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
D♭maj7D♭ F A♭ C Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
Dmaj7D F♯ A C♯ Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
D♯maj7D♯ F (G) A♯ C (D) Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
E♭maj7E♭ G B♭ D Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
Emaj7E G♯ B D♯ Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
Fmaj7F A C E Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
F♯maj7F♯ A♯ C♯ E♯ (F)Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
G♭maj7G♭ B♭ D♭ F Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
Gmaj7G B D F♯ Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
G♯maj7G♯ B♯ (C) D♯ F (G) Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
A♭maj7A♭ C E♭ G Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
Amaj7A C♯ E G♯ Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
A♯maj7A♯ C (D) E♯ (F) G (A) Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
B♭maj7B♭ D F A Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
Bmaj7B D♯ F♯ A♯ Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
Major 7th Piano Chords Chart

Minor Seventh Chords

The minor 7th piano chord is built in the same way as the major 7th piano chord except we use the 1,3,5 & 7 from the minor scale. The interval relationship is root, minor 3rd, perfect fifth, minor 7th. To find out the natural minor scale you simply take the major scale and lower the 3rd, 6th & 7th notes. You can also build a minor 7th chord by playing the major 7th chord and then lowering the 3rd and 7th note by a half step. Alternatively, play the dominant chord and lower the third by half a step. We can also build a minor 7th chord from a minor triad with a minor triad stacked on top.

The formula for minor 7th chords is 1 b3 5 b7. So C minor 7th consists of the notes C Eb G Bb. It’s a minor chord with a flat 7th added. C Minor seventh chord can often be written as Cm7, Cmin7.

Root + 3 half steps + 4 half steps + 3 half steps

Cm 7th Chord: C Eb G Bb

Minor Seventh Piano Chords Chart

Cm 7 Chords Root Minor third Perfect fifth Minor seventh Fingering
Cm7 C E♭ G B♭ Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
C♯m7 C♯ E G♯ B Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
D♭m7 D♭ F♭ (E) A♭ C♭ (B) Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
Dm7 D F A C Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
D♯m7 D♯ F♯ A♯ C♯ Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
E♭m7 E♭ G♭ B♭ D♭ Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
Em7EGBDLeft hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
Fm7 F A♭ C E♭ Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
F♯m7 F♯ A C♯ E Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
G♭m7 G♭ B (A) D♭ F♭ (E) Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
Gm7 G B♭ D F Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
G♯m7 G♯ B D♯ F♯ Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
A♭m7 A♭ C♭ (B) E♭ G♭ Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
Am7ACEGLeft hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
A♯m7 A♯ C♯ E♯ (F) G♯ Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
B♭m7 B♭ D♭ F A♭ Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5
Bm7 B D F♯ A Left hand: 5-3-2-1
Right hand: 1-2-3-5

Seventh Chords Show Happiness

In Western music, major and minor chords have long been linked to joy and sorrow. So a group of scientists decided to examine how other chords might affect emotion. They found as expected that minor chords were linked with sadness and major chords were linked with happiness. But the most positive emotions were conveyed by seventh chords,  a triad of notes with an extra note on top that changes the sound like this.