September 24, 2021

Keyboard Lesson 1

Formation of Major Scales & Minor Scales

Major Scales

For centuries, most Western music has been based on major and minor scales. That is one of the things that make it instantly recognizable as Western music. Most of the music of Eastern Asia is based upon thaat and ragas. A scale is a list of all the notes that begins with a specific key. Major scales all follow the same interval pattern. The simple, sing-along, nursery rhymes and folk songs we learn as children, or Qomi Tarana, Pak Ser Zameen: Most music in a major key has a bright sound that people often describe as cheerful, inspiring and excitingn. In C Major Scale you may play the song “ik pyar kaa nagma hai”. It consists all the white keys from any starting C to the next. C. In a keyboard you will see the familiar repeating pattern of notes. Starting from one C and moving upwards to the next C produces the notes: C D E F G A B C

Learn all the note names on a keyboard. The white key to the left of two black keys is always a C, now moving to the next white keys on the right we have D – E – F – G – A – B then back to C again. These note names just keep repeating. The name of the black keys (and some white keys as well) varies depending on whether it’s a sharp or a flat. For example, the black key next to C may either be a C# or a Db. If you’ve played these C D E F G A B C notes on your  keyboard – you’ve just played a Major Scale. This is the scale known as C Major. C Major is the most common scale in all Western music and there are eight notes in C Major scale. To simplify, you can memorize this formula to form a major scale:

Major Scale = whole step – whole step – half step – whole step – whole step – whole step – half step
or w – w – h – w – w – w – h  
Or we can write:

whole  whole  half  whole  whole  whole  half
step   step   step  step   step   step   step
C to D to E to F to G to A to B

Definition – Half Steps and Whole Steps

On a music keyboard, the distance from any note to the nearest note on the right or the left is called a half step. A distance of two half steps is called a whole step. The distance from one white note to the next is sometimes a half step and sometimes a whole step. It depends on whether or not a black note is between them.

Conclusion – Formula for the Major Scale

Half steps and whole steps allow us to describe a scale as a series of jumps. The major scale follows the formula “whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half” or WWHWWWH. Beginning on the note C and following this pattern gives us C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C.

“whole” and “half” do not refer to any of the notes: they describe the distances between them. It could be written this way…

C-w-D-w-E-h-F-w-G-w-A-w-B-h-C

Using numbers instead of notes gives us…

1-w-2-w-3-h-4-w-5-w-6-w-7-h-1

Tones & Semitones

In our previous keyboard lesson (Learn Keyboard) we have defined about tones & semi tones. Here for revision we are again explaining tones and semi tones in detail. To know tones & semi tones concept is very important for learning piano or keyboard.

Tones and semitones are easily viewable on piano or keyboard instruments. A tone is the interval between two white keys separated by a black key. A semitone is a interval between two white keys without being separated by a black key. Or simple the distance between two notes is called an interval. The interval between the C and the black note to its right is a semitone.

 Two semitones add up to a larger interval, called a tone because we have gone up two semitones in total. In the same way the interval between C and D is a tone.

C major Scale Notes (C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C)

C–DTone
D–ETone
E–FSemitoneno black note in between
F–GTone
G–ATone
A–BTone
B–CSemitoneno black note in between

Sharp & Flat Notes

In our previous keyboard lesson (Learn Keyboard) we have defined in detail about sharp & flat notes. Here for revision we are again explaining sharp notes & flat notes in detail. Notes that are sharp or flat help composers give some variety to music. In Western music, there are 12 notes: C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G, G#, A, A# and B.

  • Out of above twelve notes there are 7 Natural notes. Natural Notes: (C, D, E, F, G, A, B)
  • The black notes are known as sharps and flats and are shown by a “#” sign
  • Out of 12 notes there are also 5 Sharp notes: (C#, D#, F#, G#, A#)

Nearly all instruments can play sharp and flat notes. Sharp and flat notes are the black keys of the piano or keyboard. Where natural notes are white keys. The natural notes are the ‘regular notes’ we call C, D, E, F, G, A, B. The interval (or gap) between each of these notes is called a semitone. Sharp notes are notes that sound a semitone higher and flat notes are notes that sound a semitone Lower. In simple words sharp note goes up and flat notes goes down.

12 Major Scales With Notes Names

Major scales are the most important piano scales: firstly, because they are very common and, secondly, because they are fundamental to understand keys. If you hear someone mention that a piano OR keyboard music is composed and played in A Major, it means that it depends on the A Scale.

C Major Scale Note

The first major scale you will learn is the C Major Scale. The C Major scale includes the pitches or notes C, D, E, F, G, A, and B. The C Major scale, in particular, has no sharp or flat notes, so in regards to this, it can be considered one of the easiest major scales to learn and remember. On the piano, the C Major Scale will only consist of the white keys, so you don’t need to be confused by the black keys right now.

C Major Scale Note Names Detail

Note no. Note interval Note name
1TonicThe 1st note of the C major scale is C
2C-maj-2ndThe 2nd note of the C major scale is D
3C-maj-3rdThe 3rd note of the C major scale is E
4C-perf-4thThe 4th note of the C major scale is F
5C-perf-5thThe 5th note of the C major scale is G
6C-maj-6thThe 6th note of the C major scale is A
7C-maj-7thThe 7th note of the C major scale is B
8C-perf-8thThe 8th note of the C major scale is C
C – D – E – F – G – A – B – C

C Major Scale Bollywood Songs

Song: Papa Kehte Hain, Singer Udit Narayan, Movie Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak
Song Composer: Anand Milind
Song Scale: C Major
Chords Used: C, Am, F, & G

Song: Kya Hua Tera Waada, Singer Mohammad Rafi, Sushma Shreshtha, Movie Hum Kisise Kam Naheen
Song Composer: R. D. Burman
Song Scale: C Major
Chords Used: C, F, G, Am

Song: Purani Jeans, Singer Ali Haidar, Album Best Of Ali Haider
Song Composer: Ali Haidar
Song Scale: C Major
Chords Used: C, Am, F, G

D Major Scale Notes

Note No. Note interval Note name
1TonicThe 1st note of the D major scale is D
2D-maj-2ndThe 2nd note of the D major scale is E
3D-maj-3rdThe 3rd note of the D major scale is Gb
4D-perf-4thThe 4th note of the D major scale is G
5D-perf-5thThe 5th note of the D major scale is A
6D-maj-6thThe 6th note of the D major scale is B
7D-maj-7thThe 7th note of the D major scale is Db
8D-perf-8thThe 8th note of the D major scale is D
D – E – Gb – G – A – B – Db – D

D Major Scale Bollywood Songs

Song: Dil Uda Patanga, Singers Sachet Tandon & Parampara Thakur, Movie Pal Pal Dil Ke Paas
Song Composer: Sachet – Parampara
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: D, Bm, G, A, Em, E

Song: Abhi Mujh Mein Kahin, Singer Sonu Nigam Movie Agneepath
Song Composer: Ajay Atul
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: C, F, Am, E, G, A#

Song: Hum Kis Gali Ja Rahe Hain, Singer Atif Aslam, Album Doorie
Song Composer: Sachin Gupta
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: D, A, & G

Song: Tum Nazar Mein Raho, Singer Atif Aslam, Movie Laila Majnu
Song Composer: Niladri Kumar
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: D, A, G, G#, Em, C#m, & F#m
Tempo: 173

Song: Maana Dil, Singer Pratik Bachan, Movie Good Newwz
Song Composer: Tanishk Bagchi
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: D, Bm, G, A

Song: Laare, Singer Maninder Buttar, Movie
Song Composer: B Praak
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: D, G, Am

Song: Rom Rom, Singer Sunny, Movie The Body
Song Composer: Shameer Tandon
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: D, G, A, C, Bm, Em

Song: Yeh Aaina, Singer Shreya Ghoshal, Movie Kabir Singh
Song Composer: Amaal Mallik
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: D, Em, A

Song: Hawayein, Singer Arijit Singh, Movie Jab Harry Met Sejal
Song Composer: Pritam
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: A, D, Em, G

Song: Maalik Mere, Singer Salim Merchant, Raj Pandit, Salman Ali, Albun Maalik Mere
Song Composer: Salim – Sulaiman
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: D, A, G

Song: Dil Diyan Gallan, Singer Atif Aslam, Movie Tiger Zinda Hai
Song Composer: Vishal and Shekhar
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: D, Bm, G, A, Em, & F#m
Tempo: 105

Song: Meri Maa, Singer K.K, Movie Yaariyaan
Song Composer: Pritam
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: D, Bm, G, A, F#m

Song: Dosti, Singer Mohan Kannan, Movie Junglee
Song Composer: Sameer Uddin
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: D, G, A, Bm, & Em

Song: Nai Lagda Ji, Singer Vishal Mishra, Album Notebook
Song Composer: Vishal Mishra
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: D, F#, Em, Bm, F#m, A, & G

Song: Tum Mere Ho, Singer Vivek Singh,
Song Composer: Jatin Raj
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: D, G, A, Bm, & F#

Song: Auliya, Singer Atif Aslam, Film Hum Chaar
Song Composer: Vipin Patwa
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: D, G, A, Em

Song: Tum Chale Gaye Tere Bina, Singer Yasser Desai,
Song Composer: Jeet Gannguli
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: C, G, D, Am, E
Tempo: 115

Song: Zindagi Mil Jayegi, Singer Tony & Neha Kakkar,
Song Composer: Tony Kakkar
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: D, A, G, & Bm

Song: Nain Na Jodeen, Singer Ayushmann Khurrana, Neha Kakkar, Movie Badhaai Ho
Song Composer: Rochak Kohli
Song Scale: D Major
Chords Used: D, Bm, A, G

D#/Eb Major Scale Notes

Note No. Note interval Note name
1TonicThe 1st note of the E-flat major scale is Eb
2Eb-maj-2ndThe 2nd note of the E-flat major scale is F
3Eb-maj-3rdThe 3rd note of the E-flat major scale is G
4Eb-perf-4thThe 4th note of the E-flat major scale is Ab
5Eb-perf-5thThe 5th note of the E-flat major scale is Bb
6Eb-maj-6thThe 6th note of the E-flat major scale is C
7Eb-maj-7thThe 7th note of the E-flat major scale is D
8Eb-perf-8thThe 8th note of the E-flat major scale is Eb
Eb – F – G – Ab – Bb – C – D – Eb

D#/Eb Major Scale Bollywood Songs

Song: Love You Zindagi, Singer Amit Trivedi, Jasleen Royal, Movie Dear Zindagi
Song Composer: Amit Trivedi
Song Scale: D#/Eb
Chords Used: D, Bm, A, Em, G

Song: O Meri Laila, Singer Atif Aslam & Jyotica Tangri, Movie Laila Majnu
Song Composer: Joi Barua
Song Scale: D#/Eb
Chords Used: D, Bm, A, G
Tempo: 100

Song: Daryaa, Singer Ammy Virk & Shahid Mallya, Movie Manmarziyaan
Song Composer: Amit Trivedi
Song Scale: D#/Eb
Chords Used: D#, A#, G#, Cm, D#maj7
Tempo: 90

Song: Tera Mera Rishta, Singer K.K Shreya Ghosal, Movie Jalebi
Song Composer: Tanishk Bagchi
Song Scale: D#/Eb
Chords Used: D#, G#, Bb/A#, & Cm

Song: Tujhe Kaise, Pata Na Chala, Singer Meet Bros Ft. Asees Kaur,
Song Composer: Meet Bros
Song Scale: D#/Eb
Chords Used: D#/Eb, G#/Ab, A#/Bb, Cm, Fm

Song: Teri Mitti, Singer B Praak , Movie Kesari
Song Composer: Arko
Song Scale: D#/Eb
Chords Used: Eb/D#, G#/Ab, Cm, Bb/A#

Song: Ik Mod, Singer Papon, Movie Music Teacher
Song Composer:
Rochak Kohli
Song Scale: D#/Eb
Chords Used: D#, A#, G#, F#, F, Fm, Cm

Song: Zara Suno, Singer Rutvik Talashilkar, Aanandi Joshi, Movie Malaal
Song Composer: Shail Hada
Song Scale: D#/Eb
Chords Used: C#, D#, Cm, Fm, G#, Gm & A#

Song: Akhiyaan Milavanga, Singer Arijit Singh & Sruthy Sasidharan, Movie Commando 3
Song Composer: Mannan Shaah
Song Scale: D#/Eb
Chords Used: C, G, Am, F, Dm, & Em

Song: Tu Mileya, Singer Darshan Rava, Album
Song Composer: Darshan Rava
Song Scale: D#/Eb
Chords Used: D, Bm, G, A

Song: Baari, Bilal Saeed, Momina Mustehsan, Album Baari
Song Composer: Bilal Saeed
Song Scale: D#/Eb
Chords Used: G, Em, C, D

Song: Rula Ke Gaya Ishq, Singer Stebin Ben, Album
Song Composer: Sunny Inder
Song Scale: D#/Eb
Chords Used: D, Bm, G, A

E Major Scale Notes

Note No. Note interval Note name
1TonicThe 1st note of the E major scale is E
2E-maj-2ndThe 2nd note of the E major scale is Gb
3E-maj-3rdThe 3rd note of the E major scale is Ab
4E-perf-4thThe 4th note of the E major scale is A
5E-perf-5thThe 5th note of the E major scale is B
6E-maj-6thThe 6th note of the E major scale is Db
7E-maj-7thThe 7th note of the E major scale is Eb
8E-perf-8thThe 8th note of the E major scale is E
E – Gb – Ab – A – B – Db – Eb – E

E Major Scale Bollywood Songs

Song: Main Pal Do Pal Ka Shayar Hoon, Singer Mukesh, Movie Kabi Kabi
Song Composer: Khayyam
Lyrics: Sahir Ludhianvi
Song Scale: E Major
Chords Used: E, F#m, G#m, B, A

Song: Hum Bewafa Haragiz Na The, Singer Kishore Kumar, Movie Shalimar
Song Composer: R D Burman
Song Scale: E Major
Chords Used: E, A, D, C#m, Bm

Song: Main Tenu Samjhawan Ki, Singer Arijit Singh & Shreya Ghoshal, Movie Humpty Sharma Ki Dulhania
Song Composer: Sharib Toshi
Song Scale: E Major
Chords Used: E, A, B, C#m, G#m

Song: Maaloom, Singer Hriday Gattani, Jonita Gandhi, Nakash Aziz, Movie Lekar Hum Deewana Dil
Song Composer: A. R. Rahman
Song Scale: E Major
Chords Used: A, B, C#m, D, F#m

Song: Illahi, Singer Sonu Nigam, Movie Pranaam
Song Composer: Vishal Mishra
Song Scale: E Major
Chords Used: E, D, A, Bm, C#m, G#

Song: Meherbani, Singer Jubin Nautiyal, Movie The Shaukeens
Song Composer: Arko
Song Scale: E Major
Chords Used: E, F#m, A, B, & C#m

Song: Matvaare, Singer Jubin Nautiyal, Album India’s Most Wanted
Song Composer: Jubin Nautiyal & Sanah Moidutty
Song Scale: E Major
Chords Used: E, A, B

Song: Pehla Pehla Pyaar, Singer Armaan Malik, Album Kabir Singh
Song Composer: Vishal Mishra
Song Scale: E Major
Chords Used: E, A, B, G#m, C#m

F Major Scale Note Names

Note no. Note interval Note name
1TonicThe 1st note of the F major scale is F
2F-maj-2ndThe 2nd note of the F major scale is G
3F-maj-3rdThe 3rd note of the F major scale is A
4F-perf-4thThe 4th note of the F major scale is Bb
5F-perf-5thThe 5th note of the F major scale is C
6F-maj-6thThe 6th note of the F major scale is D
7F-maj-7thThe 7th note of the F major scale is E
8F-perf-8thThe 8th note of the F major scale is F
F – G – A – Bb – C – D – E – F

F Major Scale Bollywood Songs

Song: Chukar Mere Man Ko, Singer Kishore Kumar, Movie Yaarana
Song Composer: Rajesh Roshan
Song Scale: F Major
Chords Used: F, C, Am, A#/Bb

Song: Humein Tumse Pyaar Kitna, Song reframed by Singer Armaan Malik, Movie Kudrat
Song Composer: R.D Burman
Song Scale: F Major
Chords Used: F, Am, G, C, E

Song: Pal do pal ki, Singer Arijit Singh, Movie Ik Villain
Song Composer:
Song Scale: F Major
Chords Used: F, A#, Dm, Am, C

Song: Pehla Nasha, Singer Udit Narayan, Sadhana Sargam, Movie Jo Jeeta Wohi Sikandar
Song Composer: Mansoor Khan
Song Scale: F Major
Chords Used: F, A#, C, Dm, G#

Song: Kahin Door Jab Din Dhal Jaye, Singer Mukesh, Movie Anand
Song Composer: Salil Choudhury
Song Scale: F Major
Chords Used: D, Em, G, A

Song: Ajeeb Dastaan Hai Yeh, Singer Lata Mangeshkar, Movie Dil Apna Aur Preet Parai
Song Composer: Shankar Jaikishan
Song Scale: F Major
Chords Used: F, Gm, Bb, C

Song: Na Ja Tu Door Ankhiyo Se, Singer Dhvani Bhanushali, Movie
Song Composer: Tanishk Bagchi
Song Scale: F Major
Chords Used: F, A#, C, Dm, Em/Am

Song: Teri Hogaiyaan, Singer Vishal Mishra, Movie
Song Composer: Vishal Mishra
Song Scale: F Major
Chords Used: F, A#, C, Dm, Em/Am

Song: Tere liye, Singer Atif Aslam, Movie Namaste England
Song Composer: Mannan Shaah
Song Scale: F Major
Chords Used: F, A#, A, Dm, C, Gm, G
Tempo: 78

Song: Chala Jata Hoon, Singer Sanam Puri, Movie Mere Jeevan Saathi
Song Composer: R.D. Burman
Song Scale: F Major
Chords Used: F, C, A#/Bb

Gb/F# Major Scale Note Names

Note no. Note interval Note name
1tonicThe 1st note of the G-flat major scale is Gb
2Gb-maj-2ndThe 2nd note of the G-flat major scale is Ab
3Gb-maj-3rdThe 3rd note of the G-flat major scale is Bb
4Gb-perf-4thThe 4th note of the G-flat major scale is Cb
5Gb-perf-5thThe 5th note of the G-flat major scale is Db
6Gb-maj-6thThe 6th note of the G-flat major scale is Eb
7Gb-maj-7thThe 7th note of the G-flat major scale is F
8Gb-perf-8thThe 8th note of the G-flat major scale is Gb
Gb – An – Bb – Cb – Db – Eb – F – Gb

Gb/F# Major Scale Bollywood Songs

Song: Alvida Alvida, Sonu Nigam, Movie Little Boy
Song Composer: Abuzar
Song Scale: Gb/F# Major
Chords Used: F#, C#, B, Bbm/A#m, G#m

Song: Mere Liye Tum Kaafi Ho, Singer Ayushmann K, Movie Shubh Mangal Zyada Saavdhan
Song Composer: Tanishk – Vayu
Song Scale: Gb/F# Major
Chords Used: F#, B, C#, D#m

Song: Ye Pyaar Nahi To Kya Hai, Singer Vinay Tiwari, Movie Yeh Pyaar Nahi Toh Kya Hai
Song Composer: Vinay Tiwari
Song Scale: Gb/F# Major
Chords Used: F#, Ebm/D#m, B, Db/C#, D

Song: Ishq Tera, Singer Guru Randhawa, Movie
Song Composer: Guru Randhawa
Song Scale: Gb/F# Major
Chords Used: F, Dm, C, B, Gm, Gm7

Song: Shaamein, Singer Armaan Malik, Album Broken But Beautiful Season 2
Song Composer: Armaan Malik
Song Scale: Gb/F# Major
Chords Used: D, G, A, Em, Bm, E

Song: Ishqe Di Chashni, Abhijeet Srivastava, Album Bharat
Song Composer: Vishal and Shekhar
Song Scale: Gb/F# Major
Chords Used: F, G, Dm, A#, C

G Major Scale Note Names

Note no. Note interval Note name
1TonicThe 1st note of the G major scale is G
2G-maj-2ndThe 2nd note of the G major scale is A
3G-maj-3rdThe 3rd note of the G major scale is B
4G-perf-4thThe 4th note of the G major scale is C
5G-perf-5thThe 5th note of the G major scale is D
6G-maj-6thThe 6th note of the G major scale is E
7G-maj-7thThe 7th note of the G major scale is Gb
8G-perf-8thThe 8th note of the G major scale is G
G – A – B – C – D – E – Gb – G

G Major Scale Bollywood Songs

Song: Ek Ajnabee Haseena Se, Singer Kishore Kumar, Movie Ajnabee
Song Composer: R.D. Burman
Song Scale: G Major
Chords Used: G, C, D, Em, A, Am

Song: Mere Samne Wali Khidki Mein, Singer Kishore Kumar, Movie Padosan
Song Composer: R.D. Burman
Song Scale: G Major
Chords Used: G, C, Am, & D

Song: Chalte Chalte, Singer Atif Aslam, Album Mitron
Song Composer: Ghulam Mohammed
Song Scale: G Major
Chords Used: G, C, D

Song: Sun Mere Humsafar, Singer Akhil Sachdeva, Movie Badrinath Ki Dulhania
Song Composer: Akhil Sachdeva
Song Scale: G Major
Chords Used: A, G, C, D, Em, Bm, Am
Song Tempo: 95

Song: Nazam Nazam, Singer Arko, Movie Bareilly Ki Barfi
Song Composer: Arko
Song Scale: G Major
Chords Used: G, D, Em, C, & Am
Song Tempo: 80

Song: Mujhe Kaise Pata Na Chala, Singer Meet Bros Ft. Papon, Movie Papon
Song Composer: Meet Bros
Song Scale: G Major
Chords Used: G, C, D, Em, Bm
Song Tempo: 80

Ab/G# Major Scale Notes

Note no. Note interval Note name
1TonicThe 1st note of the A-flat major scale is Ab
2Ab-maj-2ndThe 2nd note of the A-flat major scale is Bb
3Ab-maj-3rdThe 3rd note of the A-flat major scale is C
4Ab-perf-4thThe 4th note of the A-flat major scale is Db
5Ab-perf-5thThe 5th note of the A-flat major scale is Eb
6Ab-maj-6thThe 6th note of the A-flat major scale is F
7Ab-maj-7thThe 7th note of the A-flat major scale is G
8Ab-perf-8thThe 8th note of the A-flat major scale is Ab
Ab – Bb – C – Db – Eb – F – G – Ab

Ab/G# Major Scale Bollywood Songs

Song: Tere Sang Yaara, Singer Atif Aslam, Album Rustom
Song Composer: Arko
Song Scale: Ab/G# Major
Chords Used: G, C, Am, Em, D
Tempo: 75

Song: Naina Lade, Singer Javed Ali, Movie Dabangg 3
Song Composer: Sajid-Wajid
Song Scale: Ab/G# Major
Chords Used: G, C, Am, Em, D

Song: Raanjhana, Singer Arijit Singh, Movie Ranjhaana ve
Song Composer: Asad Khan
Song Scale: Ab/G# Major
Chords Used: G, Em, C, D

Song: Fikar, Singer Rahat Fateh Ali & Neha Kakkar, Movie Do Dooni Pani
Song Composer: Badshah
Song Scale: Ab/G# Major
Chords Used: G#, Fm, C#, D#

Song: Mahi Re, Singer Armaan Malik, Movie Do Dooni Pani
Song Composer: Badshah
Song Scale: Ab/G# Major
Chords Used: G#, C#, A#m, Fm, & D#

A Major Scale Notes

Note no. Note interval Note name
1TonicThe 1st note of the A major scale is A
2A-maj-2ndThe 2nd note of the A major scale is B
3A-maj-3rdThe 3rd note of the A major scale is Db
4A-perf-4thThe 4th note of the A major scale is D
5A-perf-5thThe 5th note of the A major scale is E
6A-maj-6thThe 6th note of the A major scale is Gb
7A-maj-7thThe 7th note of the A major scale is Ab
8A-perf-8thThe 8th note of the A major scale is A
A – B – Db – D – E – Gb – Ab – A

A Major Scale Bollywood Songs

Song: Soch Na Sake, Singer Arijit Singh, Movie Airlift
Song Composer: Amaal Mallik
Song Scale: A Major
Chords Used: A, F#m, D, Dm, E, Bm

Song: Main Taare, Singer Arijit Singh, Movie Notebook
Song Composer: Vishal Mishra
Song Scale: A Major
Chords Used: A, D, F#m, Bm, C#m, E, C#

Song: Safar, Singer Mohit Chauhan, Movie Notebook
Song Composer: Vishal Mishra
Song Scale: A Major
Chords Used: A, Bm, F#m, C#m, F#m, G

Song: Kyun Dil Mera, Singer Mohit Chauhan, Movie Paharganj
Song Composer: Ajay Singha
Song Scale: A Major
Chords Used: A, Bm, E, C#m, & F#m

Song: Roke Na Ruke Naina, Singer Arijit Singh, Movie Badrinath Ki Dulhania
Song Composer: Amaal Mallik
Song Scale: A Major
Chords Used: G, C, D, Em, & Bm

Song: Thodi Der, Singer Shreya Ghoshal & Farhan Saaed, Movie Half Girlfriend
Song Composer: Farhan Saeed
Song Scale: A Major
Chords Used: G, D, Em, C, & Am

Bb Major Scale Notes

Note no. Note interval Note name
1TonicThe 1st note of the B-flat major scale is Bb
2Bb-maj-2ndThe 2nd note of the B-flat major scale is C
3Bb-maj-3rdThe 3rd note of the B-flat major scale is D
4Bb-perf-4thThe 4th note of the B-flat major scale is Eb
5Bb-perf-5thThe 5th note of the B-flat major scale is F
6Bb-maj-6thThe 6th note of the B-flat major scale is G
7Bb-maj-7thThe 7th note of the B-flat major scale is A
8Bb-perf-8thThe 8th note of the B-flat major scale is Bb
Bb – C – D – Eb – F – G – A – Bb

Bb/A# Major Scale Bollywood Songs

Song: Kya Hua Tera Wada, Singer Mohammad Rafi & Sushma Shreshtha, Movie Hum Kisise Kam Nahi
Song Composer: R.D. Burman
Song Scale: Bb Major
Chords Used: A, C, F, G, Am, A#

Song: Dooba Dooba, Singer Silk Route, Album Boondein
Song Composer: Mohit Chauhan; Kem Trivedi;
Song Scale: Bb Major
Chords Used: A#, D#, F

Song: Ek Ladki Ko Dekha, Singer Darshan Raval, Rochak Kohli, Movie 1942 A love story
Song Composer: Rochak Kohli (Original composer R.D. Burman)
Song Scale: Bb Major
Chords Used: A#, F, Gm, Cm, Ebm & G, Em, C & D

B Major Scale Notes

Note no. Note interval
Note no.Note intervalNote name
1TonicThe 1st note of the B major scale is B
2B-maj-2ndThe 2nd note of the B major scale is Db
3B-maj-3rdThe 3rd note of the B major scale is Eb
4B-perf-4thThe 4th note of the B major scale is E
5B-perf-5thThe 5th note of the B major scale is Gb
6B-maj-6thThe 6th note of the B major scale is Ab
7B-maj-7thThe 7th note of the B major scale is Bb
8B-perf-8thThe 8th note of the B major scale is B
B – Db – Eb – E – Gb – Ab – Bb – B

B Major Scale Bollywood Songs

Song: Jaan Ban Gaye, Singer Mithoon, Vishal Mishra and Asees Kaur, Movie Khuda Hafiz
Song Composer: Mithoon
Song Scale: B Major
Chords Used: G, D, Em, C and Am

Song: Main Tera Ban Jaunga, Singer Akhil and the Tulsi Kumar, Album Kabir Singh
Song Composer: Akhil Sachdeva
Song Scale: B Major
Chords Used: G, Em, C, & D

Song: Tu Kalla Sohna Nai, Singer Neha Kakkar, Album
Song Composer: Rajat Nagpal
Song Scale: B Major
Chords Used: B, F, E #
Song Tempo: 92

Song: Raakh, Singer Arijit Singh, Album Shubh Mangal Zyada Savdhaan
Song Composer: Tanishk Bagchi
Song Scale: B Major
Chords Used: G, Em, Bm, A, F#m

Song: Tujhe Kitna Chahein Aur Hum, Singer Jubin Nautiyal, Album Kabir Singh
Song Composer: Tanishk Bagchi
Song Scale: B Major
Chords Used: B, G#m, F#, E, C#m, D#m

C#/Db Major Scale Notes

Note no. Note interval Note name
1tonicThe 1st note of the D-flat major scale is Db
2Db-maj-2ndThe 2nd note of the D-flat major scale is Eb
3Db-maj-3rdThe 3rd note of the D-flat major scale is F
4Db-perf-4thThe 4th note of the D-flat major scale is Gb
5Db-perf-5thThe 5th note of the D-flat major scale is Ab
6Db-maj-6thThe 6th note of the D-flat major scale is Bb
7Db-maj-7thThe 7th note of the D-flat major scale is C
8Db-perf-8thThe 8th note of the D-flat major scale is Db
Db – Eb – F – Gb – Ab – Bb – C – Db

C#/Db Scale Bollywood Songs

Song: Tu Na Mera
Music Composer: Arjun Kanungo
Song Scale: C#/Db
Chords Used: C, G & Am

Song: Channa Ve, Movie Sufna, Singer B Praak
Song Scale: C#/Db
Chords Used: C#, A#m, Fm, F#

Song: Dil Roye Jaaye, Movie De De pyar De, Singer Arijit Singh
Music Composer: Rochak Kohli
Song Scale: D#/Db
Chords Used: C, Am, F, C, Dm

Song: Kaash, Movie Zoya Factor, Singer Arijit Singh
Music Composer: Shankar Ehsaan Loy
Song Scale: C#/Db
Chords Used: C#, G#, F#, A#m, D#m

Song: Tanha Mera Pyaar, Movie Byepass Road, Singer Mohit Chauhan
Music Composer: Rohan – Rohan
Song Scale: C#/Db
Chords Used: C, F, Am, D

Song: Allah Ve, Singer Jassie Gill
Music Director: Sunny Vik
Song Scale: C#/Db
Chords Used: C, Am, F, G

Q. What is the difference between the C# Major Scale, and the Db Major scale?

Answer: They are enharmonic to each other
The C# major scale has all sharps and is spelled C# D# E# F# G# A# B#
The Db major scale has only 5 flats and is spelled Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb Cb
If you look at them closely and understand how enharmonic notes work, you would see that in the C# major scale, the enharmonic equivalent to E# is F, and the enharmonic equivalent to B# is C, therefore, C# major scale is the enharmonic equivalent to the Db major scale.

Enharmonic, in the system of equal temperament tuning is used on keyboards. Two tones that sound the same but are notated (spelled) differently. Pitches such as F♯ and G♭ are said to be enharmonic equivalents; both are sounded with the same key on a keyboard instrument.

Table showing Major Sharp Scales & Major Flat Scales Notes

12 Major Scales With Flat Notes12 Major Scales With Sharp Notes
C major scale
C – D – E – F – G – A – B – C
C major scale
C – D – E – F – G – A – B – C
Db major scales
Db – Eb – F – Gb – Ab – Bb – C – Db
C# major scales
C# – D# – F – F# – G# – A# – C – C#
D major scale
D – E – Gb – G – A – B – Db – D
D major scale
D – E – F# – G – A – B – C# – D
Eb major scale
Eb – F – G – Ab – Bb – C – D – Eb
D# major scale
D# – F – G – G# – A# – C – D – D#
E major scale
E – Gb – Ab – A – B – Db – Eb – E
E major scale
E – F# – G# – A – B – C# – D# – E
F major scale
F – G – A – Bb – C – D – E – F
F major scale
F – G – A – A# – C – D – E – F
Gb major scale
Gb – Ab – Bb – B – Db – Eb – F – Gb
F# major scales
F# – G# – A# – B – C# – D# – F – F#
G major scale
G – A – B – C – D – E – Gb – G
G major scale
G – A – B – C – D – E – F# – G
Ab major scale
Ab – Bb – C – Db – Eb – F – G – Ab
G# major scale
G# – A# – C – C# – D# – F – G – G#
A major scale
A – B – Db – D – E – Gb – Ab – A
A major scale
A – B – C# – D – E – F# – G# – A
Bb major scale
Bb – C – D – Eb – F – G – A – Bb
A# major scale
A# – C – D – D# – F – G – A – A#
B major scale
B – Db – Eb – E – Gb – Ab – Bb
B major scale
B – C# – D# – E – F# – G# – A# – B

Sharp VS Flat Notes:

Here Gb is also called G Flat Major
Db is called D Flat Major
Eb is called E Flat Major
Ab is called A Flat Major
Bb is called B Flat Major

Here F# is called F sharp major
C# is called C sharp major
D# is called D sharp major
G# is called G sharp major
A# is called A sharp major

Here F# is also called Gb. F# and Gb notes are same.
C# is also called Db. C# and Db notes are same.
D# is also called Eb. D# and Eb notes are same.
G# is also called Ab. G# and Ab notes are same.
A# is also called Bb. A# and Bb notes are same.

Songs in Major Scale

  1. Chaand phir nikla (D)
  2. Dil jo na keh saka (E)
  3. Ek pyar ka nagma hai ( D Major)
  4. Papa Kehthe Hain ( C Major)
  5. Ek Pyar Ka Nagama Hain ( D Major)
  6. Dil jo na keh saka (E)
  7. Musafir hoon yaaron (C Major)
  8. Roob tera mastana (C Major)
  9. Ehsan tera ho ga mujh par (Eb)